Make Your Own Insect Repellent

Insect Repellent SprayWith summer in full swing and outdoor activities such as camping and barbecues being high on the todo list the ongoing annoyance of bugs and insects can often ruin an enjoyable day. Earlier we spoke about how to reduce the mosquito population at your house, today we will look at a DIY Insect Repellent that contains houshold items that make it cheap to make and safer than most commercial sprays.

Commercial Repellents:

When used as directed, commercial insect repellents can stop mosquitoes and other biting insects. When you use too much repellents can be harmful to your health. Here are some popular chemicals that are used in Commercial Repellents, from this you can decide what is best for your family.

DEET

DEET is one of the most widely used chemicals as a mosquito repellent. DEET can produce skin and eye irritation. DEET also will penetrate skin and can, in some instances after long term exposure, affect the central nervous system. In some individuals, slurred speech, confusion and seizures have occurred.

Permethrin

Permethrin is another repellent intended for treating clothing and other items, such as tents, sleeping bags and other gear made of fabric. Permethrin can cause eye irritation. Permethrin has been classified as “likely to be carcinogenic to humans” if ingested.

P-mentane-3,8-diol

P-menthane-3,8-diol may have some associated health hazards. It has been found that long-term skin exposure produces microscopic kidney lesions as well as skin redness and swelling and may cause genetic damage.

DIY Insect Repellent:

For this repellent we will need the following 5 items:

  • Detol Disinfectant Liquid ($11 per 750ml)
  • Methylated Spirits ($6 per 1L)
  • Baby Oil ($9.5 per 500ml)
  • Funnel
  • Atomiser spray bottle ($2 to $5)

Method:

Using the funnel, pour equal parts of Detol, Methylated Spirits and Baby Oil into the spray bottle.

Put the lid on the spray bottle and shake vigorously for 1 minute.

The mixture is now ready to use. Make sure you label it clearly as Insect Repellent to avoid misuse.

Reduce Mosquitoes around your home

how to get rid of mosquitoesMosquitoes in the back yard are not only annoying during a barbeque but mosquito transmitted diseases, such as malaria, dengue fever, and ross river fever, can be a danger to your families health. There are a number of ways to deal with the outbreak, but a two pronged approach of prevention and cure will give the best results.

Life Cycle of a Mosquito:

As the mosquito develops it goes through four distinct stages: Egg, Larva, Pupa, and Adult. These stages can be easily recognised by sight.

Egg: The mosquito lays its eggs one at a time, they can be individual or joined together to form rafts. They both float on the surface of the water. Most eggs hatch into larvae within 48 hours, with water being a necessary part of their habitat.

Larva: As the eggs hatch larvae emerge and live in the water, coming to the surface regularly to breathe. Over the next 10 days the larvae will shed their skins four times, each time growing larger. The larvae regularly feed on microorganisms and other organic matter in the water. As the larvae moult the fourth time the larvae will change in to pupae.
Mosquito Life Cycle
Pupa: During the pupal stage no feeding takes place, but the pupae will move around in the water by flicking their tails to avoid predators. The transformation into an adult occurs during this stage, much like the metamorphosis of a butterfly. Once ready, the skin of the pupae splits open and the mosquito emerges.

Adult: The new adult will rest on the surface of the water until it dries and the body parts harden. Feeding on blood and mating do not begin for a few days. Continue reading Reduce Mosquitoes around your home